Bolivia

Summary of EA programme

The EA Bolivia programme aims to empower vulnerable communities and local authorities to develop sustainable livelihoods alternatives and wise ecosystem management. The programme has two main regional focus areas: the Chaco drylands and the Pantanal wetlands, both extensive areas in terms of size but they both have a rather low population density. Throughout the program relevant cross boundary eco-regional issues will be addressed. There is a cluster of projects are around the Pilcomayo river basin, Tucavaca Natural Reserve and two Municipalities of the Pantanal, Roboré and Santa Cruz.

The EA is working with 7 partners in Bolivia:
• Nativa (climate change adaptation/protected areas)
• SBDA (Sociedad Boliviana de Derecho Ambiental) maybe HIVOS Alliance
• Probioma (also Cordaid Alliance)
• Faunagua (sustainable use of aquatic ecosystems)
• Fundación Natura Bolivia (Scaling-up water funds, payment for ecosystem services
• SAVIA (decentralization process, protected areas and governance)
• Cerdet (Friends of the Earth, Indigenous peoples)

Some of the initiatives had already been set up under the IUCN NL EGP programme and are being scaled-up in the EA (i.e. Fundación Natura Bolivia, Savia, Faunagua). Some of these initiatives are relevant at regional level (Paraná-Paraguay river basin). The programme has several focus areas:
1. Land use planning Formalizing the use of land in a participatory way in the Pantanal including the concept of conservation areas is vital to cope with livelihoods issues (Savia, SBDA):.
2. Management plans to allow land use in a sustainable way and provides rights in the frame of the new land tenure legislation (Faunagua, Fundación Natura Bolivia and Cerdet).
3. Capacity strengthening of local communities to participate and contribute in the themes greening the economy and livelihoods (Probioma and Cerdet).
4. Climate adaptation in the Chaco, implementing adaptation measures and capacity strengthening of local and traditional authorities (Nativa).

The Alliance identifies as direct beneficiaries of its intervention poor rural communities and indigenous communities living in or near to areas with a status of environmental protection. The intermediate target groups include CSOs, local and indirectly departmental government authorities.

Geographical and thematic focus areas

The geographical focus is on the Chaco region and the Pantanal
Among the most important thematic focus areas in the EA Bolivia programme are Transboundary land use planning, environmental law and governance, sustainable fisheries, payments for ecosystem services, mining and soya