Summary of EA programme
The Cameroon programme has its key focus on improving the governance aspect of the extractive industries sector in particular in & around protected areas. To a lesser extend it focusses on the governance aspects of the biofuel plantation industry. Wetland conservation is another cross cutting issue.
2015 general objective: Improved ecological sustainability and improved financial benefits for local communities and society from resource exploitation. A number of strong NGO actors sufficiently equipped to provide input to governmental policies and practices directly related to resource use and to act as independent observer on corporate legal compliance for those sectors directly impacting / depending on the natural environment.
The program will reinforce civil society’s capacity to complement the government’s intentions and efforts to provide solutions to some of the challenges on the environment-development nexus. Specifically it will enhance the impact of the RRI coalition (Rights and Resources), formed of international and national NGOs and networks, and focusing on the promotion of communities’ rights in logging, the extractive sector, and land management. Legal lobby & advocacy and independent monitoring form a key component of the program.
WHO - Key national NGO players& thematic focus:
- CED / OPFCR - Extractive Industries best practices & legal compliance monitoring,
- ACEEN – integrated governance of the Waza Logone floodplain
- CWCS - integrated wetland management & protection
- GVC - national energy policy with emphasis on rural energy policy / bio-fuel framework law
- ACAMEE - Strategic and Project Environmental Impact Assessment
WHERE - Key geographic focus:
- Province Extreme Nord Waza Logone Floodplain,
- Southern Mangrove belt + the Haut Nyong wetlands
- Province East Camiron mining concession / TRIDOM area,
- Central Level Government
Theme Livelihoods and ecosystems: The purpose within the Cameroon program is to: a) Improve resource governance / ecosystem management / bio-diversity conservation, leading to improved livelihoods and human well-being, b) Reduce long-term negative impact of rural energy supply on ecosystem services & livelihoods, c) Enhance (financial)transparency & synergy with the various donor efforts in the Waza Logone Floodplain, d) Enhance civil societies' role in sound land-use (planning) and resource extraction (ecologically sustainable & socially equitable), e) enhance knowledge on valuation and increased benefits of wetlands Strategic partners include: ACEEN, CWCS
Theme Greening the economy: The purpose is to: a) enhance CSO expertise on environmental assessments, legal compliance and transparency related to the extractive industries in order to provide meaningful input to mining and forest law revisions, b) enhance legal compliance and sustainability of upcoming extractive industry and improve transparency in benefit sharing mechanisms, c) enhance sustainability of upcoming bio-fuel plantations and assure meaningful CSO input for the bio-fuel framework law. Strategic partners include: CED, OPFCR, GVC, SEEAC.
NGO partners and key focus:
ACAMEE - Enhancement of Effective implementation of Environmental Assesment Tools (SEA and EIA). Independent advice on EIAs and SEAs.
ACEEN – Extreme Nord Province: – Sahelian setting.The Logone Flood Plain (LFP) covers about 10.000.000 ha within the Lake Chad Basin. ACEEN will continue to contribute to; a) finding solutions to ecosystem conservation problems within the floodplain of the LFP, b) improved resource governance and c) governance and coherence of the various international donor programmes in the area. Further ACEEN will try to limit the negative impact of the initiating oil exploration / exploitation in the floodplain.
CED : Mining governance. Focus on the high rainforest area S and SE province between the Dja and the coastal Campo Ma’an reserves. Specific focus on the legal aspects of the booming mining industry in country. Particular attention to the mega infra-structural developments around the CAMIRON mining operation.
CWCS: Wetland governance in the SE province and along the coastline. Mobilization of civil society and community based organizations towards effective governance for protection and sustainable management of coastal and Upper Nyong wetlands ecosystems. CWCS facilitates the development of national wetlands policy/legislation processes for Cameroon.
GVC: Strict focus on the rural and renewable energy politics in Cameroon specifically including bio-fuel developments and the bio-fuel framework law. Focus on civil society effective input into the regulatory frameworks related to the renewable energy politics. Clear link with the bio-fuel development concerns of the IUCN Cameroon office.
IUCN Cameroon office: Synergy enhancement & policy linking
OPFCR: High rainforest in the SE province around S of the Dja Reserve (UNESCO MAB). Community organization and agri-cultural production organization around the CAMIRON mining developments. The community organization aspects focuses on “communities’ readiness regarding the current and future mega-infrastructural developments around the mining site”.